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The Difference Between Coyotes & Wolves

by Dennis Matherly on 11/17/18

Our area is a natural habitat for a number of wild critters, including both coyotes and wolves. While you wouldn't want to encounter either one unexpectedly, it's helpful to recognize the differences between them. 


Coyotes are smaller than wolves and typically have a thick, bushy tail that they hold low toward the ground. You're more likely to encounter a solo coyote or a pair of coyotes as they are not known to travel or hunt in larger groups, such as packs. Coyotes have noticeably smaller, thinner legs than wolves. Coyotes are usually shy with humans but are more adaptable and more likely to get used to human presence faster than wolves. Coyotes also have a high-pitched yelp-sounding "howl" that more resembles a dog bark than a wolf's howl. 

Coyotes prey on smaller animals, including mice, rats, rabbits and other rodents. They are also opportunistic scavengers and will take advantage of any road kill or other dead animal they encounter. If you have pet birds or poultry outdoors, coyotes will take advantage of the easy catch, if you don't have the animals secured. Coyotes have also been known to snatch small dogs and cats when hunting for food. When hunting a larger animal, such as a deer, coyotes typically hunt in pairs. 


Wolves are larger in size and typically at least double the weight of coyotes. Wolves travel, live and hunt in packs. It is rare to see a wolf by itself without pack members nearby. They are also shy and secretive where humans are concerned and because of their pack, are less likely to get used to or approach humans, in most cases. Wolves use scent marking to carve out territories and secure hunting areas for their pack. Wolves communicate with the well-known howling sound. They also howl to attract mates or alert pack members to danger. 

Wolves tend to prey on larger animals that can feed more members of their pack. Typical prey for wolves can include deer, sheep, goats, moose and elk. Wolves hunt in large groups called packs and work together to isolate and kill their prey. While wolves are less likely to attack poultry or pets, any animal left unprotected is vulnerable to becoming prey for wolves or any other wildlife looking for an easy meal. 

Wolves and coyotes are both native to our area. In most cases, both will keep their distance from humans. However, if you do have pets or poultry that live outdoors, keeping them secure and protected is the best defense against a hungry predator of any kind. 

Bobcats in South Carolina: What You Need To Know

by Dennis Matherly on 09/17/18

Of the many wildlife species in South Carolina, the bobcat (also called wildcat) is one of the more secretive and shy critters that live in our area. Bobcats are most active at night and are very territorial. A bobcat will establish and keep the same territory for its entire life in most cases. When fully grown, at about 1.5 to 2 years of age, the bobcat is between two to three times the size of the average housecat. They are easy to recognize by their bobbed tail and white spots on the upper sides of the ears. 

Bobcats and You
Bobcats are very shy and will avoid people in most cases. The few instances when bobcats have attacked people, they were infected with rabies. Bobcats are present in all 48 contiguous states in the US and survive around 12 years in the wild. Bobcats do not form pair bonds and female bobcats raise kittens alone without the help of a male. If you encounter a bobcat, most of the time you can slowly back away and they will do the same. Other deterrents for bobcats are bright light and loud noise. 

If you own a home, there are things you can do to avoid attracting a bobcat to your yard. Don't leave pets outside unattended at night. Don't leave pet food, open trash or other items that might attract other wildlife as the bobcat preys on many other local wildlife species. Eliminating things that interest other types of wildlife can keep them and hungry bobcats away. And don't be fooled by fences. Bobcats can easily climb wooden fence posts and can even jump over fences as high as six feet tall. 

Bobcat Problems
Bobcats are carnivores and will kill and eat almost any kind of animal from as small as a mouse to as large as an adult deer. Housecats, dogs, chickens kept in backyard coops and even livestock are considered good eats to a bobcat. Other frequent prey include rabbits, squirrels, opossum, raccoons, reptiles and wild turkeys. 

Bobcats are classified as "furbearers" and can be trapped or hunted in South Carolina on private lands with a hunting license during the appropriate season. Hunting season is Thanksgiving Day through March 1 and trapping season is December 1 through March 1. If you have a problem with a bobcat on your property, you can apply for a Nuisance Bobcat Depredation Permit in any season, which allows for the legal killing of a nuisance bobcat. Bobcats are not allowed to be relocated in South Carolina. Their territorial nature makes relocation ineffective as the bobcat will return to its established territory. The option many wildlife control services use to deal with nuisance bobcats is to trap and euthanize them. 

If you suspect you might have a nuisance bobcat on your property, a wildlife control specialist can investigate to confirm and can provide advice on deterring the animal from coming too close to your home. Deterrents can include motion lights, electric fencing or noise options. If deterrents don't solve the problem, a wildlife control service can humanely trap and deal with the animal. 

National Wildlife Day is September 4th!

by Dennis Matherly on 08/28/18

National Wildlife Day was founded in 2005 in honor of the memory of wildlife conservationist and activist, Steve Irwin. The goal of National Wildlife Day is to bring global awareness and provide education about the large number of endangered and threatened species both in our own areas and throughout the world, as well as the need for conservation and preservation programs. 

Endangered vs. Threatened
Many people are unsure of the difference between when a species is listed as endangered as opposed to threatened. The label "Endangered" is reserved for species that are in imminent danger of extinction in all or most of their natural range. The label "Threatened" is used for species that are likely to become endangered in all or most of their natural range in the foreseeable future. While species extinction is a natural process, the normal or "background" rate for species loss should be one to five species per year. Our current rate of species extinction is significantly higher, resulting in the loss of a dozen or more species per day. Scientists say the planet is now in its sixth wave of mass extinctions, the worst since the extinction of the dinosaurs. 

Threatened and Endangered Species in South Carolina
There are a number of species in South Carolina that are designated as threatened or endangered by either the federal government or by the state. Here are a few to watch for: 

  • Southern Coal Skink (T)
  • Shortnose Sturgeon (E)
  • Frosted Flatwoods Salamander (E) 
  • Loggerhead (T)
  • Spotted Turtle (T) 
  • Atlantic Right Whale (E)
  • Gopher Tortoise (E)
  • Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat (E)
  • Humpback Whale (E) 
  • Gopher Frog (E)
  • Wood Stork (E) 
  • Red-Cockaded Woodpecker (E)
  • Florida Manatee (E)
  • Bachman's Warbler (E)
  • Webster's Salamander (E) 
The list above is not complete as the number of threatened and endangered species is growing quickly. This September 4th, bring attention to the plight of our wildlife with the hashtag #NationalWildlifeDay and investigate conservation groups in your area to see how you can get involved. 

What To Do If You Encounter A Black Bear

by Dennis Matherly on 08/06/18

The black bear is one of the many animals that make up our local wildlife population. They can range in size from as small as 100 lbs. for females to over 500 lbs. for older well-fed males. Their average lifespan is around 18 years and there are an estimated 300-400 black bears that live in the coastal areas of South Carolina. They are great swimmers and climbers who are most active from June through August - their peak breeding season. As more and more housing developments take up land that was once bear habitat, close encounters with bears will continue to increase. 

Bears eat mostly plants, berries and nuts (80% of their diet) and only eat a small amount of meat or insects (20%). However, like any wild animal, a bear will not ignore an easy meal left out and accessible by a careless human. In general, most black bears are shy and wary of humans. Unless someone has been feeding the bear or you happen to get between a mama bear and her cubs, most encounters resolve quickly and safely if you follow a few simple guidelines. 

1. Never feed bears - intentionally or unintentionally. Bears will take advantage of any food source you leave accessible (or they think they smell - like your uncleaned grill). Keep trash secured, clean grills/outdoor cooking devices, pick up pet food at night and take down bird feeders at night. If a bear finds an easy meal at your house, the chances are higher he or she will return and end up becoming a nuisance bear. 

2. Never approach baby bears. Even if you don't see mama bear, she's there and she's watching. If you do find yourself between a mama bear and her cubs, keep your eyes on mama (but don't make eye contact) and slowly back away until you can get into a house or other safe area. Allow the bear and her cubs to leave on their own before going outside again. 

3. Do not climb a tree to escape a bear. They are excellent climbers and are better at it than most humans. 

4. Do not make eye contact with a bear. However, you do want to keep an eye on the bear as you slowly back away. Stand up straight and make yourself appear as large as possible without acting in a threatening way as you are backing away. 

5. Talk calmly and gently to the bear so it can identify you as human. Most bears are leery of humans and will be equally eager to get away from you too. 

6. Never run from a bear if you can possibly avoid it. Like most wild animals, when you run away from them, it makes it more likely you'll be misidentified as food. 

If you have any encounter with a bear, make sure the bear has completely moved on from the area before you go outdoors again to avoid an additional encounter. If you have any questions or have a bear on your property that is in no hurry to leave, call Pee Dee Wildlife for assistance. 

Quick Guide To Venomous & Non-Venomous Snakes

by Dennis Matherly on 07/17/18

It's summertime and all of our snake friends are now awake for the season and on the go. While this quick guide of characteristics can help you differentiate between venomous and non-venomous snakes, please keep in mind to never intentionally approach a snake in an attempt to identify it. Always leave snake removal issues to the pros! Plus, even if a snake is not venomous, being bitten by any snake is an unpleasant experience. 

Snake Head Shape 
The shape of a snake's head can help you identify whether it is venomous or not. Venomous snakes tend to have a broad and triangular head. This shape occurs because the snake's venom is produced toward the back of the head near the neck. This makes it look as if the snake has a large, bulb-like head and a skinny neck. 

Snake Eye Pupil Shape
There are exceptions but generally, snakes with round pupils are non-venomous. Snakes with slit pupils, similar to a cat, are generally venomous. However, finding yourself close enough to a snake to determine what type of pupil it has is not a good situation. Back away slowly and retreat to a safe distance. 

Snake Rattling
Rattlesnakes get their name from the rattle on the end of their tail. ALL rattlesnakes are venomous and should be avoided. Some species of snakes have developed behaviors to mimic the rattling sound by swishing their tail through leaves or debris. Best course of action is if you hear rattling to move slowly in the opposite direction. Also keep in mind that baby rattlesnakes don't rattle as the rattle is created as the snake sheds its skin as it grows, but they are deadly should they bite. 

If you encounter a snake, remembering this quick guide list of differences between venomous and non-venomous snakes will help you determine how serious of a threat the snake is. In South Carolina, we have a number of venomous snakes including rattlesnakes, Cottonmouth (Water Moccasin), Copperhead and Coral Snakes. When it comes to snakes, don't take chances. Call the wildlife experts at Pee Dee Wildlife for safe removal and relocation.